Now in their 38th year, the Union Women's Summer Schools began in the Northeast Region and expanded to the Midwest, Western and Southern Districts of the United States. Their conception was rooted in the traditions of early worker education,as exemplified by the Bryn Mawr summer schools for Women Workers of the 1920;s and the WPA worker education programs of the 1930's, Courses of study were tailored to the needs and interests of working people. Barbara Wertheimer, Director of Cornell' Institute of Women and Work, introduced the idea to colleagues in the University and College Labor Education Association (precursor to the UALE). Encouraged by the the rising feminist movement and the founding of the Coalition of Labor Union Women, the UCLEA launched its first school in 1975 at the University of Connecticut. Designed by a committee of labor educators, the residential school s bring together rank and file women workers , officers and staff to strengthen their knowledge of the labor movement and develop skills which will enable them to become more active and influential in their unions. The schools are a place where women unionists can share experiences and give one another support. As Gloria Johnson, past President of CLUW and frequent speaker at the schools' graduations ceremonies pointed out, "We have to create "old girls" networks to be able to support each other and advance. "The schools contribute to this objective, as evidenced by the record of participants. Over the past 37 years, the schools have educated thousands, many of whom have become leaders of their unions.